_Hands made us Human

Hands made us HumanThis essay defends that humanity could emerge from our hominin ancestors 2.8 million years ago, from the experience in building primitive tools. That this experience was made possible by the collaboration of two different elements: the two cerebral hemispheres through the left and right hands, each with well differentiated functions, which can be identified in the psychological concepts of pragnanz and determination.

That individual experience with the stones was not lost, because it became a culture, being socially shared. That was the origin of human language and thought. And the origin of the human mind, capable of harmonizing feelings and reason; although also of losing itself in the madness.

From there, human cultures developed in various languages of artistic communication (where pragnanz matters) and scientific thinking (where rational determination dominates). These languages grew between spectacular advances and painful setbacks, caused by wars and machiste despotism. Although they never completely lost the ability to be reborn from their ashes.

Matrixial Pragnanz

Our ability to feel in the womb the movement of the nascent being.

01. When the stones came aliveWhen the stones came alive…

…the hands began to build the human being.

02. Pragnanz in the left handPragnanz in the left hand

The left hand was humanized making it easier to sense what was hidden while building a tool.

03. Determination on the rightDetermination on the right hand

The right hand rationalized itself, by determining the possibilities presented by the left hand.

04. Social intelligenceSocial intelligence

The individual intelligence was deployed pushed by the social intelligence of the first humans.

05. Gatherers and huntersGatherers and hunters

Females and males became even more differentiated in humanization.

06. Telling stories without wordsTelling stories without words

The forced separation between female gatherers and male hunters, made them find a new way of relating: storytelling.

07. The reencounter with the lost beingLooking for the Lost Being

The shared stories facilitated the reunion with the absent being and his persistence in the memory, beyond his material existence.

08. The separation of subject and object Divorce of subject and object

Between nothingness and being, the object separated from the subject and the subject of the object. But soon they would meet again.

09. Framing the situationFraming before speaking

The experience in building tools opened the door to human reason. But in social relationships, reason is easily lost.

10. Beginning of human languageBeginning of human language

Before the articulated language, they played incipient forms of artistic languages.

11. Telling stories through artTelling stories through art

All the arts are used to tell stories. Always surprising in different ways.

12. Language and thoughtBuilding language and thought

The hominins articulated phonemes in something similar to our words. When a current child in his second year of life plays constructions, he is reconstructing thought and articulated language.

13. Adopting the daughters of the sunAdopting the daughters of the sun

For more than a million years they lived in the least possible relationship with the daughters of the sun. Because they knew by experience their ferocity. Until one night they began to understand each other.

14. The transcendenceThe transcendence

The sense of transcendence marks the beginning of the spiritual dimension of the human being.

15. Women domesticate the worldWomen domesticate the world

Burying the best here, it will grow again.

16. Construction of the enemyBuilding the Enemy

Social inequality was and still is business of men

17. When the gods went on strikeWhen the gods went on strike

The story of humanity began to be told and almost everything was a lie.

18. Creating gods was a mistakeCreating gods was a mistake

Agriculture was going to upset the cognitive capacity of humans for good and bad.

19. The sibylsSmart sibyls

These women were the exception to male dominion in religions. They knew about the paradoxes of the future, something that men forget.

20. Dialectical or metaphysical thinking?Dialectical or metaphysical thinking?

Philosophy was born in Greece in two divergent ways, by the left and the right: the mortal and the immortal. Logically, the second quickly crushed the first.

21. One God to unite a divided empireOne God to unite a divided empire

Europe, unified culturally and politically by the Roman Empire, came to have a unique God throughout the fourth century. But still, the Empire ran out of time.

22. Averroes and Thomas AquinasAverroes and Thomas Aquinas

The Greek civilization was not completely lost, thanks to the fact that the Arabs prevented some books from being burned by Christian fanatics. But soon there were Islamist fanatics willing to burn the few that remained.

23. Traders to the rescueTraders to the rescue

Going from hunting human beings, to being equal before the law. That was a change that would bring good consequences.

24. Michelangelo: Renaissance and MannerismMichelangelo’s trick

Between an almost universal illiteracy and the iron control of the theologians, artists made their way. Your trick: Not using words.

25. Experimental science, modern thinkingExperimental science, modern thinking

In the Italian Renaissance, artists managed to slip through censorship; but the scientists had it more difficult.

26. Darwin, evolution of lifeDarwin: The Life’s Trick

Darwin discovered the trick of Nature: bet on all the possibilities and then, eliminate the tickets that have not been successful. So, Nature always wins; and life makes its way.

27. Neuroscience: mind and brainNeuroscience: brain and mind

Neurosciences study the mind as a result of brain activity.

28. Religions of substitutionReplacement religions

Humans continue to believe in many things, especially those that give us a false sense of security.

29. Possibilities denied, invisible womenDenied possibilities, invisible women

When the wise man points to the moon, the fool looks at the finger.

30. Epilogue: Responsible for the futureResponsible for the future

What the Angel Novus can not see, but we can.

Thus ends, for the moment, the essay Hands made us Humans. It is also published in Spanish: Las manos nos humanizaron.