This essay defends that humanity could emerge from our hominin ancestors 2.8 million years ago, from the experience in building primitive tools. That this experience was made possible by the collaboration of two different elements: the two cerebral hemispheres through the left and right hands, each with well differentiated functions, which can be identified in the psychological concepts of pragnanz and determination.
That individual experience with the stones was not lost, because it became a culture, being socially shared. That was the origin of human language and thought. And the origin of the human mind, capable of harmonizing feelings and reason; although also of losing itself in the madness.
From there, human cultures developed in various languages of artistic communication (where pragnanz matters) and scientific thinking (where rational determination dominates). These languages grew between spectacular advances and painful setbacks, caused by wars and machiste despotism. Although they never completely lost the ability to be reborn from their ashes.
Our ability to feel in the womb the movement of the nascent being.
…the hands began to build the human being.
The left hand was humanized making it easier to sense what was hidden while building a tool.
The right hand rationalized itself, by determining the possibilities presented by the left hand.
The individual intelligence was deployed pushed by the social intelligence of the first humans.
Females and males became even more differentiated in humanization.
The forced separation between female gatherers and male hunters, made them find a new way of relating: storytelling.
The shared stories facilitated the reunion with the absent being and his persistence in the memory, beyond his material existence.
Between nothingness and being, the object separated from the subject and the subject of the object. But soon they would meet again.
The experience in building tools opened the door to human reason. But in social relationships, reason is easily lost.
Before the articulated language, they played incipient forms of artistic languages.
All the arts are used to tell stories. Always surprising in different ways.
The hominins articulated phonemes in something similar to our words. When a current child in his second year of life plays constructions, he is reconstructing thought and articulated language.
For more than a million years they lived in the least possible relationship with the daughters of the sun. Because they knew by experience their ferocity. Until one night they began to understand each other.
The sense of transcendence marks the beginning of the spiritual dimension of the human being.
Burying the best here, it will grow again.
Social inequality was and still is business of men
The story of humanity began to be told and almost everything was a lie.
Agriculture was going to upset the cognitive capacity of humans for good and bad.
These women were the exception to male dominion in religions. They knew about the paradoxes of the future, something that men forget.
Philosophy was born in Greece in two divergent ways, by the left and the right: the mortal and the immortal. Logically, the second quickly crushed the first.
Europe, unified culturally and politically by the Roman Empire, came to have a unique God throughout the fourth century. But still, the Empire ran out of time.
The Greek civilization was not completely lost, thanks to the fact that the Arabs prevented some books from being burned by Christian fanatics. But soon there were Islamist fanatics willing to burn the few that remained.
Going from hunting human beings, to being equal before the law. That was a change that would bring good consequences.
Between an almost universal illiteracy and the iron control of the theologians, artists made their way. Your trick: Not using words.
In the Italian Renaissance, artists managed to slip through censorship; but the scientists had it more difficult.
Darwin discovered the trick of Nature: bet on all the possibilities and then, eliminate the tickets that have not been successful. So, Nature always wins; and life makes its way.
Neurosciences study the mind as a result of brain activity.
Humans continue to believe in many things, especially those that give us a false sense of security.
When the wise man points to the moon, the fool looks at the finger.
What the Angel Novus can not see, but we can.
Thus ends, for the moment, the essay Hands made us Humans. It is also published in Spanish: Las manos nos humanizaron.